SnmpCollector

The SnmpCollector collects performance data through SNMP. Configure credentials to access SNMP agents in the Web UI (Admin>Configure SNMP Community Names by IP Address).

Collector facts

Class Name

org.opennms.netmgt.collectd.SnmpCollector

Package

core

Supported on Minion

Yes

Configuration Files

$OPENNMS_HOME/etc/datacollection-config.xml
$OPENNMS_HOME/etc/datacollection/*.xml

Configuration and use

Table 1. Collector-specific parameters for the SnmpCollector
Parameter Description Default

Required

collection

The name of the SNMP Collection to use.

default

Optional

thresholding-enabled

Whether collected performance data should be tested against thresholds.

true

timeout

Timeout in milliseconds to wait for SNMP responses.

SNMP configuration

SNMP collection configuration

To configure which MIB objects to collect from devices, create a datacollection XML configuration file in etc/datacollection/. After creating a new datacollection config file, add it to etc/datacollection-config.xml for inclusion in polling. The datacollection-config.xml is reloaded automatically whenever the file is modified. The content of dataCollectionGroups in etc/datacollection/*.xml files are reloaded each time the Collectd process gathers metics from a node. This allows you to modify which metrics are collected without needing to restart services, once the Collectd collector service has been defined.

Understanding resource types helps when editing collector-specific configuration files.

Structure of the datacollection-config.xml file
<?xml version="1.0"?>
<datacollection-config rrd-repository="/var/lib/opennms/rrd/snmp/">(1)
    <snmp-collection name="default"(2)
                     snmpStorageFlag="select">(3)
        <rrd step="300">(4)
            <rra>RRA:AVERAGE:0.5:1:2016</rra>
            <rra>RRA:AVERAGE:0.5:12:1488</rra>
            <rra>RRA:AVERAGE:0.5:288:366</rra>
            <rra>RRA:MAX:0.5:288:366</rra>
            <rra>RRA:MIN:0.5:288:366</rra>
        </rrd>

        <include-collection dataCollectionGroup="MIB2"/>(5)
        <include-collection dataCollectionGroup="3Com"/>
        ...
        <include-collection dataCollectionGroup="VMware-Cim"/>
    </snmp-collection>
</datacollection-config>
1 Directory to persist RRD files on the file system. Ignored if you are using Newts as time-series storage.
2 Name of the SNMP data collection referenced in the collection package in collectd-configuration.xml.
3 Configure SNMP MIB-II interface metric collection behavior:
all means collect metrics from all interfaces
primary only from interface provisioned as primary interface
select only from manually selected interfaces from the Web UI.
4 RRD archive configuration for this set of performance metrics. Ignored when using Newts as time-series storage.
5 Name of collection group from a file within the etc/datacollection/ subfolder to include in the collection cycle.
01 snmp datacollection configuration
Figure 1. Configuration overview for SNMP data collection

SNMP data collection example

The following scenario steps through creating a new datacollection definition and assumes the following:

  • Node A belongs to categories CatA and CatB, and has a sysObjectID of .1.100.1.1.

  • Node B belongs to category CatB, and has a sysObjectID of .1.100.1.2.

To collect different OIDs based on a categories filter, you must define separate Collectd packages.

The examples included below are partial files to provide an example of how datacollection files are structured.
etc/collectd-configuration.xml
<package name="package-1" remote="false">
  <filter>catincCatA</filter>
  <service name="SNMP" interval="300000" user-defined="false" status="on">
    <parameter key="collection" value="group1"/>
  </service>
</package>
<package name="package-2" remote="false">
  <filter>catincCatB</filter>
  <service name="SNMP" interval="300000" user-defined="false" status="on">
    <parameter key="collection" value="group2"/>
  </service>
</package>
etc/datacollection-config.xml
<snmp-collection name="group1" snmpStorageFlag="select">
  <rrd step="300">
    <rra>RRA:AVERAGE:0.5:1:2016</rra>
  </rrd>
  <include-collection dataCollectionGroup="UniqueA"/>
  <include-collection dataCollectionGroup="UniqueB"/>
</snmp-collection>
<snmp-collection name="group2" snmpStorageFlag="select">
  <rrd step="300">
    <rra>RRA:AVERAGE:0.5:1:2016</rra>
  </rrd>
  <include-collection dataCollectionGroup="UniqueB"/>
  <include-collection dataCollectionGroup="UniqueC"/>
</snmp-collection>

Then, inside the datacollection directory are three files: unique-a.xml, unique-b.xml, and unique-c.xml, with the following content, respectively:

etc/datacollection/unique-a.xml
<datacollection-group name="UniqueA">
  <systemDef name="Collect-A">
    <sysoid>.1.100.1.1</sysoid>
    <collect>
      <includeGroup>test-group-1</includeGroup>
    </collect>
    </systemDef>
    <systemDef name="Collect-B">
    <sysoid>.1.100.1.2</sysoid>
    <collect>
      <includeGroup>test-group-2</includeGroup>
    </collect>
    </systemDef>
    <systemDef name="Collect-C">
    <sysoidMask>.1.100.</sysoidMask>
    <collect>
      <includeGroup>test-group-3</includeGroup>
    </collect>
  </systemDef>
</datacollection-group>
etc/datacollection/unique-b.xml
<datacollection-group name="UniqueB">
  <systemDef name="Collect-D">
    <sysoidMask>.1.100.1.</sysoidMask>
    <collect>
      <includeGroup>test-group-4</includeGroup>
    </collect>
    </systemDef>
    <systemDef name="Collect-E">
    <sysoid>.1.100.1.3</sysoid>
    <collect>
      <includeGroup>test-group-5</includeGroup>
    </collect>
    </systemDef>
    <systemDef name="Collect-F">
    <sysoidMask>.1.100.1.</sysoidMask>
    <collect>
      <includeGroup>test-group-6</includeGroup>
    </collect>
  </systemDef>
</datacollection-group>
etc/datacollection/unique-c.xml
<datacollection-group name="UniqueC">
  <systemDef name="Collect-G">
    <sysoidMask>.1.</sysoidMask>
    <collect>
      <includeGroup>test-group-7</includeGroup>
    </collect>
    </systemDef>
    <systemDef name="Collect-H">
    <sysoid>.1.100.3.1</sysoid>
    <collect>
      <includeGroup>test-group-8</includeGroup>
    </collect>
    </systemDef>
    <systemDef name="Collect-I">
    <sysoid>.1.100.1.1.2</sysoid>
    <collect>
      <includeGroup>test-group-9</includeGroup>
    </collect>
  </systemDef>
</datacollection-group>

There will be two effective snmp-collections called group1 and group2, as the SNMP service appears twice in collectd-configuration.xml. Each one matches a different set of nodes.

Because all the systemDefs have unique names, group1 will contain UniqueA plus UniqueB, meaning it would have Collect-A through Collect-F. Similarly, group2 would contain Collect-D through Collect-I. Regardless of the sysoid and sysoidMasks inside the systemDef, what matters at this level is the systemDef name.

For node A

Because this node matches two collectd packages for the SNMP service, the collector uses both collections (group1 and group2) and will check Collect-A through Collect-I. Even though UniqueB is referenced twice, it will be included only once.

Since the node’s sysObjectID is .1.100.1.1, only the systemDefs Collect-A, Collect-C, Collect-D, Collect-F, and Collect-G will be included, as those are the only ones with a sysoid or sysoidMask that matches the sysObjectID.

The mibObj groups are added in the order they appear. If one systemDef references a group name that is already included, it won’t be added again.

For node B

Because this node only matches one collectd package for the SNMP service, the collector uses the one collection (group2) to check Collect-D through Collect-I.

Since the node’s sysObjectID is .1.100.1.2, only the systemDefs Collect-D, Collect-F, and Collect-G will be included.

SnmpCollectorNG

The SnmpCollectorNG is currently provided as a beta version and is still under development.

The SnmpCollectorNG provides an alternate implementation to the SnmpCollector that takes advantage of new APIs in the Meridian platform. It is provided as a separate collector while we work to validate its functionality and run-time characteristics, with the goal of eventually having it replace the SnmpCollector.

Use this new collector by updating existing references from org.opennms.netmgt.collectd.SnmpCollector to org.opennms.netmgt.collectd.SnmpCollectorNG.

Known caveats include:

  • No support for alias type resources

  • No support for minimum/maximum values